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Citation neutre et open access

jeudi 9 novembre 2006, par Stephane Cottin

Signalé à la fois par le SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK, LEGAL EDUCATION ABSTRACTS, Vol. 3, No. 31 : November 2, 2006 [1], et par le SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK, LEGAL WRITING ABSTRACTS, Vol. 1, No. 6 : November 8, 2006 [2], cet article traitant de phénomènes chers à Emmanuel Barthe. Il s’agit ni plus ni moins ici de traiter de l’impact de la notion de "référence neutre" sur l’accès ouvert et égal au Droit.

"Cite Unseen : How Neutral Citation and America’s Law Schools Can
Cure Our Strange Devotion to Bibliographical Orthodoxy and the
Constriction of Open and Equal Access to the Law"

Contact : IAN GALLACHER, Syracuse University - College of Law : Auth-Page :

Full Text :

ABSTRACT : This article looks at the phenomenon of legal citation
and its unintended consequences. After considering the reasons
for the American legal system’s devotion to precisely accurate
and detailed citations and the history of American legal
citation, the article looks at the effect the bibliographical
orthodoxy promoted by the two leading citation manuals ? The
Bluebook and the ALWD Manual ? has on open access to the law.

In particular, the article looks at how the required common law
citation format prescribed by both of these manuals helps to
consolidate the market position of West and LexisNexis, the
duopoly of legal publishing in this country. After considering
the inadequacy of some present-day open access legal information
sites, and exploring why it is that market pressures make it
unlikely that a viable commercial competitor to the West/Lexis
duopoly will emerge, the article concludes that the best approach
to ensuring that the law remain free and open to all is through
the use of a neutral citation format to describe case law and the
formation of a consortium of American law schools to publish the
law on the internet.

On remarquera aussi, dans le même numéro du SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK, LEGAL EDUCATION ABSTRACTS, Vol. 3, No. 31 : November 2, 2006, cet article qu pourrait intéresser tous les enseignants de droit :

"Scholarship Advice for New Law Professors in the Electronic Age"

Contact : NANCY LEVIT, University of Missouri at Kansas City (UMKC) - School of Law

Auth-Page :

Full Text :

ABSTRACT : The article suggests that the legal academy is in a
time of transition between promotion and tenure rules based on
traditional methods of publication and contemporary electronic
and interdisciplinary possibilities for publication. While a
number of articles contain recommendations for newer law
professors about the process of scholarship, most of those
articles are between five and twenty years old and do not address
publishing in the age of blogs, expedited reviews, electronic
submissions, and open-access databases.

The substance and length of what law professors write, the
formats in which they do so, and the fora in which they publish
are evolving. This article breaks new ground in offering advice
for those who have recently joined the academy on how to comply
with promotion and tenure guidelines while taking advantage of
publishing opportunities in the electronic age. Although it gives
special emphasis to newer faculty and to issues raised by modern
technology, the article is not limited to those sorts of issue.
Professors who have been writing for years may find some useful
nuggets about citation practices regarding blogs, the impact of
recent law review limits on article length, electronic methods of
browsing journals and articles in other disciplines, access to
government documents, and posting on open-access archives.

Et enfin, toujours dans ce même numéro du SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK, LEGAL EDUCATION ABSTRACTS, Vol. 3, No. 31 : November 2, 2006, cet article retournant au sujet précédent sur l’impact de l’open access sur le marché de l’information juridique.

"Redefining Open Access for the Legal Information Market"
Law Library Journal, Vol. 98, pp. 619-637, 2006

Contact : JAMES G. MILLES, University at Buffalo - Law School

Auth-Page :

Full Text :

ABSTRACT : The open access movement in legal scholarship, inasmuch
as it is driven within the law library community over concerns
about the rising cost of legal information, fails to address -
and in fact diverts resources from - the real problem facing law
libraries today : the soaring costs of nonscholarly, commercially
published, practitioner-oriented legal publications. The current
system of legal scholarly publishing - in student-edited journals
and without meaningful peer review - does not face the pressures
to increase prices common in the science and health disciplines.
One solution to this problem is for law schools to redirect some
of their resources - intellectual capital, reputation, and
student labor - to publishing legal information for practitioners
rather than legal scholars.


[1Editors : HANNAH R. ARTERIAN, Dean and Professor of Law, Syracuse University, College of Law et JEREMY R. PAUL, Thomas F. Gallivan, Jr. Professor of Real Property, Law and Associate Dean for Research, University of Connecticut - School of Law

[2Editors : JENNIFER JOLLY-RYAN, Professor of Legal Writing, Northern Kentucky, University - Salmon P. Chase College of Law et LAWRENCE D. ROSENTHAL, Associate Professor of Legal Writing, Salmon P. Chase College of Law - Northern Kentucky University

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