Accueil > Techniques de la documentation juridique > Théories > Communicabilité des documents juridiques > Approche alternative de la recherche juridique face à la montée de l’accès

Approche alternative de la recherche juridique face à la montée de l’accès libre : la pré-indexation

mercredi 31 octobre 2007, par Stephane Cottin

Repéré sur la SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH NETWORK - LEGAL WRITING ABSTRACTS, Vol. 2, No. 15 : October 31, 2007, (Editors : JENNIFER JOLLY-RYAN & LAWRENCE D. ROSENTHAL), cet article surprenant tant dans ses prémices que dans ses conclusions.

Selon l’auteur, l’accès au droit, démultiplié par l’open access, ne permet plus une recherche performante. Une solution serait dans la pré-indexation semi-automatique des documents juridiques, avec des outils de mind-mapping, autour des citations d’autres documents juridiques faites par le document primaire, mais aussi des personnes ou lieux cités, etc., avec l’usage d’outils de liens sociaux, comme facebook, linkedin...

Une approche graphique passionnante pour démontrer (s’il le fallait encore) l’utilité de la scientométrie appliquée à la jurisprudence.

"Mapping the Social Life of the Law : An Alternative Approach to
Legal Research"

Contact : IAN GALLACHER Syracuse University - College of Law

Full Text :

ABSTRACT : As the law moves inexorably to a digital publication
model in which books no longer play a role, the problem of how to
continue to make the law available to all becomes more acute.
Open access initiatives already exist, and more are on the way,
but all are limited by their inability to provide more than
self-indexed search options for their users. Self-indexing,
although a powerful alternative to the traditional pre-indexed
searching made possible by systems like West’s ?Key Number ?
digests, has inherent limitations which make it a poor choice as
the sole means of researching the law. But developing a new
pre-indexed legal digest would be a prohibitively expensive and
complex undertaking, making it unlikely that open access legal
information sites can develop and maintain a fully-implemented
digesting approach to legal research. This article proposes a
reconceptualization of the information already contained within
most American judicial opinions in order to permit open access
sites to offer a form of pre-indexed research to their users. By
mapping a case’s location in a graphical representation of the
doctrinal development of an issue under consideration, this
approach allows the court’s citations to prior authority to act
as a pre-indexing tool, allows the researcher to update the law
by showing more recent cases that have cited to the target case,
and gives the researcher the opportunity to trace network links
in order to uncover connections between cases that might
otherwise have been difficult to discern.

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